Media Moments Western Reserve Public Media

Constructing the News Story


Fact or Fiction — Elementary

Facts are provable information. Opinions are personal attitudes about a person or a topic. It is VERY important for an individual to be able to determine between fact and fiction. Facts are usually verifiable (provable) through sources such as books, Internet, television, etc. Opinions are usually found in editorials or commentaries. It is most important for a person to be able to tell the difference between facts and opinions. Opinions are sometimes presented as facts and can color a person’s perception of what he/she is seeing or hearing.


Student will discuss the difference between fact and opinion.

Student will read an article and underline facts from the article and circle opinion within the article.


Standard Addressed:

Language Arts, Writing, Communication
Grade 3, Benchmark D, Listening and Viewing

3. Identify the difference between facts and opinions in presentations and visual media.

Grade 4, Benchmark D, Listening and Viewing

3. Identify the main idea, supporting details and purpose of oral presentations and visual media.

Grade 5, Benchmark B, Listening and Viewing

4. Discuss how facts and opinions are used to shape the opinions of listeners and viewers.




Article from newspaper or Web



  1. Discuss the difference between fact and opinion. Use examples from the classroom, for example, “Your dress is red. ” is a fact. “Your dress is pretty.” is an opinion.

  2. Watch a short commercial on television, (It may be necessary to watch it more than one time.) or pass out an advertisement from a newspaper or magazine.

  3. Have the students discuss what the facts and opinions are in what they are looking at.

  4. Pass out an article from the newspaper or go online to get a current news article

  5. Have the students get a partner and circle all of the facts in the story and underline all of the opinions.

  6. Discuss which items they selected as facts and which they considered opinions.




Collect the articles on which the students have completed their work. Based on the article, determine the number of correct and number of incorrect responses and grade using a percentage equivalent.

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