One State-Many Nations

 
 
 
Western Reserve Public Media
 

 

Wyandotte
Islander or Dweller on a Peninsula”

Nation

  • Iroquoian

History

  • Wyandotte themselves say the birth of their tribe was in 1652. It was made up of parts of other tribes.

  • Moved from New York after the Beaver Wars (fought over ability to hunt pelts and sell to Europeans). Went to Montreal and Detroit

  • Came to Ohio in 1745.

  • Wyandotte were part of the "Big Four" Native nations of Ohio.

  • Played a large part in the Revolutionary War by being allied with the British. They were afraid of the expansion of the white settlers.

Family Life

  • Matriarchal.

  • Lived in long house villages surrounded by stockades.

  • Lived in clans named after animals.

  • Each clan had four women councilors chosen by the heads of the families.

  • Council chose chief.

  • Agriculture, hunting, fishing and gathering sustained the people.

  • Hair styles for men changed with what was happening. There were different hairstyles for war, work, etc.

  • Men wore decorated moccasins, a cloth shirt or tunic of deer skin, beechcloth or kilt and leggings. These were decorated with beads or porcupine quills.

  • Had "bandolier bags" or shoulder pouches worn over the left shoulder.

  • Everyday clothing had little decoration.

  • Women wore a tunic over a skirt that wrapped around them with the flap on the left held up by a belt. Underneath were knee-high leggings and moccasins.

Removal

  • After 1815 the Wyandotte signed treaties that gave them Reservation land in Ohio and Michigan.

  • After 1820 many Wyandotte adopted the Methodist faith.

  • By 1832 all of the Wyandotte of Ohio were at the Upper Sandusky reservation.

  • In 1842 the Wyandotte signed the paper that would begin their removal to the west. They actually moved in 1843.

Resources

 

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